ERIC Number: ED346727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
The Production of Speech Acts by EFL Learners.
Cohen, Andrew D.; Olshtain, Elite
A study is reported that describes ways in which nonnative speakers assess, plan, and execute speech acts in certain situations. The subjects, 15 advanced English foreign-language learners, were given 6 speech act situations (two apologies, two complaints, and two requests) in which they were to role play along with a native speaker. The interactions were videotaped and after each set of two situations of the same type, the videotape was played back and then the respondents were asked both fixed and probing questions regarding the factors contributing to the production of their responses in those situations. The retrospective verbal report protocols were analyzed with regard to processing strategies in speech act formulation. The study found that in executing speech act behavior, half of the time respondents conducted only a general assessment of the utterances called for in the situation, often thought in two languages and sometimes in three languages when planning and executing speech act utterances, utilized a series of different strategies in searching for language forms, and did not attend much to grammar or pronunciation. Appended are: (1) the background questionnaire; (2) responses in English to different role-play situations; and (3) a retrospective verbal report interview. Contains 27 references. (Author/LB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Funding for the research reported in this study was provided by the Zalman Aranne Fund.