ERIC Number: ED346653
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Development of Science Simulations for Mildly Mentally Retarded or Learning Disabled Students. Final Report.
Macro Systems, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.
This final report describes the development of eight computer based science simulations designed for use with middle school mainstreamed students having learning disabilities or mild mental retardation. The total program includes software, a teacher's manual, 3 videos, and a set of 30 activity worksheets. Special features of the software for learners with cognitive impairments include an emphasis on graphics rather than text to present key ideas; the use of a mouse instead of a keyboard for giving commands and manipulating the experiments; the absence of a formal reward/punishment system; the presence of simple numeric feedback for confirming measurements; the use of full size scales on the display instruments; voice synthesis of numerical output on demand; a context sensitive help function; and flexible problem solving environments for each simulation. The report lists the project's objectives, results (including field test evaluation and dissemination), and project methodology. The major portion of the document consists of appendices including the teacher's manual and the activity worksheets covering the eight simulations of the following: the physical science laboratory, finding elapsed time, finding length and width, finding area, finding distance using a map, finding seasonal temperatures, and experiments concerned with refrigerators and the pendulum. Teacher and student evaluation forms are also appended. (Nine references) (DB)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Curriculum Development, Educational Media, Individualized Instruction, Instructional Materials, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Learning Disabilities, Mainstreaming, Material Development, Middle Schools, Mild Mental Retardation, Science Activities, Science Instruction, Simulation
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Macro Systems, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.