ERIC Number: ED346607
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
The Waxing and Waning of Nongradedness.
Pavan, Barbara Nelson
Trends and research in nongraded schooling over the past three decades are described in this paper. The 1960s and early 70s were marked by a strong interest in the nongradedness movement and the British concept of open education, followed by a declining interest in the 1970s. A nongraded revival in the 1980s was facilitated by recognition of the failure of the traditional American educational system, economic crisis, and the need for increased economic productivity. Nongradedness is proposed, not as one teaching model, but as a set of multiple strategies or an organizational system. A review of nongradedness research divides the principles of nongradedness into six clusters--goals of schooling, organization, curriculum, instruction, materials, and assessment. Each cluster is further delineated by six items. Nongradedness appears to be on the increase in the 1990s in the forms of school-based management, participative decision-making, and heterogeneous grouping. Adequate staff development and sufficient implementation time are necessary for success. One table is included. (18 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).