ERIC Number: ED346405
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Expression of Power and Heterosexual Attraction.
DeBlasio, Cynthia L.; Ellyson, Steve L.
Facial attractiveness has been the focus of considerable research in social psychology. Nonverbal behaviors emitted by the face may affect the perceived attractiveness of males and females differently. Visual behavior has particularly important functions in regulating social interaction and in establishing and conveying social power. Power and attractiveness may conflict, especially in American culture where men are attributed with more social, political, and economic power than women. To investigate the relationship between emitted power and attractiveness, this study used videotapes of men and women engaged in discussion with one another who displayed different levels of visual dominance behavior. Male (N=106) and female (N=109) college students viewed one of 18 prerecorded videotapes of males and females engaged in conversation. The tapes varied in naturally occurring expressed power (visual dominance behavior). Subjects rated one of the interactants for power and for attraction. Unlike previous research, subjects of both sexes rated stimulus males and females as more attractive when they emitted higher levels of visual dominance (p<.001). There were no significant sex differences in the findings. These results question the degree to which displays of power are interpreted consistently both by and for women and men. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A