ERIC Number: ED346402
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Negative Relationship between Achievement in High School and Self-Concept in College.
Wolfe, Raymond N.; Grosch, James W.
Social learning theory implies that there should be a significant positive relationship between academic performance and self-concept and outcomes of recent meta-analyses support this prediction. While path-analytic studies of high school samples in the 1960s and 1970s demonstrated that ability and achievement each made a small positive contribution to self-esteem, more recent data from 1986 showed that ability and achievement yielded small negative relationships with self-esteem. This issue was addressed by examining the high school and college records (cumulative grade point average, Scholastic Aptitude Test scores, average high school grade) of 162 college students in 1988 and 193 college students in 1989. Subjects completed personality scales; measures of optimism, self-efficacy, objectivism, self-monitoring, and need for cognition; measures of negative affect (1988 sample); and measures of constructive thinking and positive affect (1989 sample). The findings revealed that cumulative grade point average in college was unrelated to the personality measures in both samples. In the 1988 sample, a negative affect factor and the variables defining it were associated with having earned good grades in high school. In the 1989 sample, a constructive thinking factor and the variables defining it correlated negatively with having earned good grades in high school. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (63rd, Boston, MA, April 3-5, 1992).