ERIC Number: ED346320
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Cooperative Learning in Vocational Education. Trends and Issues Alerts.
Lankard, Bettina A.
Cooperative learning is gaining the attention of vocational educators who must prepare students for employment in a workplace increasingly focused on teamwork. It is a model that provides opportunities for students to explore concepts and develop interpersonal skills that enhance their learning. Research shows that cooperative learning promotes higher self-esteem among students and more positive attitudes toward others. Students who participate in cooperative learning groups are reported to realize greater achievement and greater levels of understanding, to have an ability to absorb content that requires higher levels of thinking, and to be able to retain what they have learned longer. Five elements of small group learning are essential to the process: (1) positive interdependence; (2) face-to-face student interactions; (3) individual accountability; (4) social skills; and (5) group processing. Implementation of cooperative learning strategies requires teacher training and follow-up. The Johnson and Johnson model identifies the decisions involved in planning a cooperative learning group lesson: selecting tasks, determining content and accepted performance level, and selecting social skills students will learn. The teacher may require new skills to manage the classroom. (An annotated listing of 15 print resources is provided.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Education Work Relationship, Group Activities, Interpersonal Relationship, Learning Activities, Learning Strategies, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Small Group Instruction, Socialization, Teaching Methods, Teamwork, Vocational Education
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.