ERIC Number: ED346317
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Integrating Academic and Vocational Education: Strategies for Implementation. ERIC Digest No. 120.
Lankard, Bettina A.
The integration of academic and vocational education is an educational reform strategy conceptualized by vocational educators, supported by the business community, and articulated by policy makers. Integration may improve the educational and employment opportunities of youth. Integration may offer change in an educational system that is in need of reform. The Southern Regional Education Board presented recommendations for raising the academic and technological literacy of high school graduates: vocational students must combine academic and vocational studies; and general curriculum students must study one or more academic areas in depth. All stakeholders must be involved in making changes necessary for reform: curriculum changes, organizational restructuring, and improved relationships with postsecondary education or employment. Eight integration models are as follows: (1) incorporating more academic content in vocational courses; (2) combining teachers to enhance academic competencies in vocational programs; (3) making academic courses more vocationally relevant; (4) curricular alignment; (5) the senior project; (6) the academy model; (7) occupational high schools and magnet schools; and (8) occupational clusters, career paths, and occupational majors. Several elements of success have been identified: vision and commitment; consistent support; funding resources; teacher autonomy; program evaluation; teacher training; and implementation time. (NLA)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.