ERIC Number: ED346307
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-May
Reference Count: N/A
The National JTPA Study: Title II-A Impacts on Earnings and Employment at 18 Months. Executive Summary.
Bloom, Howard S.; And Others
A study was made of the impact of Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) Title II-A on the earnings and employment of four target groups (adult women and men and female and male out-of-school youth) over the first 18 months after random assignment to a treatment group that had access to the program or a control group, which did not. The study involved 17,000 JTPA applicants throughout the country from November 1987 through September 1989. Follow-up interviews were conducted at least 18 months after assignment to one of the groups. Some of the findings were the following: (1) JTPA Title II-A had generally positive effects on the earnings and employment of adults in the study sites; (2) access to the program increased the average earnings of the adult women in the treatment group by an estimated $539 or 7 percent of the control group mean; (3) earnings of adult men rose $550 or 4.5 percent over that of the control group, and 2.8 percent more of the enrolled men were employed than the control group; (4) the program had little or no effect on the average earnings of female youth; and (5) the program reduced the earnings of male youth by $854 (8 percent). Findings were influenced by barriers to employment such as race, language, and ethnicity. The study concluded that JTPA is helping to raise the earnings of many people, especially adults, but it also is not helping some groups. It suggested finding new ways to serve such populations. (11 references) (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Abt Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD.