ERIC Number: ED346286
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
European Lessons from School and the Workplace.
Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC. Resource Center on Educational Equity.
A 1991 study tour to Germany, Denmark, and Sweden investigated youth education and training policies, systems, methods of financing, and programs. Concerns were integration of academic and practical skills training, assessment of student competencies for employment, expectations and outcomes of employment preparation for all youth, and system governance, policies, and finance. Researchers were struck by the intertwined nature of academic and practical skill development and the complicated pattern of movement of students between work- and school-based training. Responsibility for assessment of student competencies for employment was assumed by craft and occupational chambers (Germany) and trade boards (Denmark); the Swedes did not emphasize examinations. All three countries had formal structures for providing youth with transitions from school to employment that ensured that young people reach adulthood with marketable skills. In Germany, in-school education was the responsibility of the states; the federal government oversaw work-based education. In Denmark and Sweden, vocational training was a shared financial responsibility of federal, state, private businesses, and collective business funds. Recommendations for a transformed system of youth education and training in the United States included better information on careers and career preparation, clearer pathways to careers, and improved methods for determining, teaching, and assessing skills necessary for success in the workplace. (Appendixes include a list of 13 sources and a tour itinerary.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Apprenticeships, Competence, Education Work Relationship, Educational Finance, Employment Potential, Foreign Countries, Integrated Curriculum, Job Skills, On the Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs, Youth Programs
Council of Chief State School Officers, One Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Suite 700, Washington, DC 20001-1431 ($12.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC. Resource Center on Educational Equity.
Identifiers - Location: Denmark; Germany; Sweden