ERIC Number: ED346244
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Training for Maintenance in Developing Countries. Training Discussion Paper No. 97.
This paper focuses on training policy issues related to the development of maintenance practices in middle- and low-income developing countries. Chapter 1 provides a definition and discusses various approaches to maintenance. It shows the major trends in maintenance skill changes, such as increased problem-solving and information technology components and growing specialization geared to the type of technology and modes of maintenance applied. Chapter 2 shows the particular mix of technologies used by developing countries and the extent to which the maintenance practices correspond to their needs. It argues that as developing countries install simpler machines, on average they need less sophisticated maintenance. However, since many developing countries have imported modern equipment, they need policies to develop maintenance of corresponding sophistication. The chapter also illustrates how foreign maintenance practices are applied in some developing countries. The last chapter presents the ways vocational training for maintenance is conducted in developing countries. It notes that maintenance skills are usually learned through apprenticeship and that technical education and training in maintenance is still rare. However, transfer of maintenance knowledge has been more active through technical assistance and technology transfer projects. The report suggests some implications for training policies aimed at enhancing maintenance awareness in developing countries. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).