ERIC Number: ED346215
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-10
Residential Segregation and the 1990 Census. Metropolitan Chicago Census Analysis Project. Report No. 1.
Orfield, Gary; Gaebler, Ken
This paper is the first in a series of reports on racial patterns in the 1990 Census, and it discusses and provides statistical data on Black and Latino segregation in Chicago (Illinois) and its metropolitan area. Computations for this report were conducted at the Chicago Urban League Research and Planning Department. One table lists the Black to White index of dissimilarity for Chicago and six county metropolitan areas; and another table lists the Black to White exposure index for Chicago and these same six county metropolitan areas. A third table lists the index of dissimilarity for 261 municipalities in 1990, in terms of Black to White, Black to Hispanic American, Hispanic American to White, and number of city blocks. Chicago and its suburbs have been extremely segregated residentially for Blacks since the great migration to the city began in World War I. Recent work on the 1980 Census found Chicago to be one of the few American metropolitan areas to be "hypersegregated." Increasing Black suburbanization has brought a significant decline in the overall segregation level in the region. The segregation level for all of metropolitan Chicago in 1980 was 91 on the dissimilarity index; by 1990, the number had declined substantially to 71. Latinos are now as segregated from Whites in the region as are Blacks. A pattern of severe isolation is developing, and the underlying trends are less favorable for Latinos than for Blacks. The future of race relations in the region will be strongly affected by whether or not Chicago evolves into integrated communities or expanding suburban ghettos. (SLD)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Urban League, IL.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago)