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ERIC Number: ED346168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Sense of Futility: Its Significance and Correlates among Michigan Elementary Students.
Johnson, Florence L.; And Others
As part of the investigation into the achievement differentials between white and black students in Michigan, a study was done of the nature of sense of futility (SOF) at the individual student level and the relationship between the SOF correlates and self-concept ability. The sample included 2 groups of fourth and fifth graders in a random sample of 86 Michigan schools: 5,637 students in a statewide random sample and 3,360 students from schools in a predominantly black random sample. The students responded to questionnaires administered by research staff. The data were analyzed by significant variables and by stepwise, multiple regression analysis. The analysis delineated the following three correlates in the school climate and school social structure that comprised the academic SOF in individual students: (1) teachers' failure to push students for high academic achievement; (2) social pressure to avoid high grades; and (3) pure futility or a feeling of hopelessness. The finding that students in predominantly black schools are more likely than students sampled statewide to feel they have no chance in school is consistent with earlier findings. Included are four appendices containing a copy of the student questionnaire and lists of student SOF and student climate variables, other correlates of individual student futility, and factors from individual student questionnaire items for analyses of SOF (statewide sample). Also provided are 3 tables and 16 references. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan