ERIC Number: ED346083
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Coaching in Community Settings: A Review.
Nettles, Saundra Murray
Coaching is a means of instruction that combines elements of mentoring and tutoring in natural community environments. Coach and student characteristics, processes of coaching, and outcomes of coaching in varied community settings and across different developmental levels are examined. Programs utilizing adults and peers from the community in fields such as sports, arts and crafts, music, and public speaking, expand the roles of peers, parents, and significant nonparental adults in children's cognitive development. This report reviews literature from sports, management, and research on teaching in informal settings to derive a functional definition of coaching. Coaching is a form of instruction that places the responsibility for learning on the learner, fosters the development and maintenance of skill through vigorous use of specific teaching practices, provides continuous feedback on performance in environments structured for practice and display of mastery, and provides social support. The review describes desirable qualities in persons who carry out the functions of coaches, specific strategies that coaches use to promote children's psychosocial development, and the influence of coaching on children's performance in school. Implications for future research and a reference list complete the document. (Author/LL)
Descriptors: Adults, Art Activities, Athletics, Child Development, Cognitive Development, Community Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual Characteristics, Informal Education, Learning Strategies, Literature Reviews, Public Speaking, Research Needs, School Community Programs, School Community Relationship, Social Development, Tutors
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center on Families, Communities, Schools, and Children's Learning.; Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.