ERIC Number: ED345891
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work: Effectiveness of Tribal JOBS Programs Unknown. Briefing Report to Congressional Committees.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
This report presents the results of a study of the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training (JOBS) programs operated by Indian tribes and Alaska Native organizations. Congress established the JOBS program to give recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) the education, training, work experience, and supportive services they need to increase their employability and move toward self-sufficiency. Seventy-six tribal organizations obtained approval to establish and operate their own JOBS programs. To assess program effectiveness, the U.S. General Accounting Office, Human Resources Division: (1) surveyed by telephone tribal JOBS administrators of 34 programs; (2) interviewed officials and gathered program data from 7 of these tribes; (3) interviewed officials of Health and Human Services headquarters and 3 of its regional offices, 2 area offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and various interest groups; and (4) visited 7 tribes. Researchers were unable to assess the effectiveness of tribal JOBS programs because: (1) evaluation criteria were lacking; (2) sufficient and reliable program data were unavailable; and (3) there were no federal reporting requirements for these programs. Tribal JOBS administrators reported operating their programs under conditions of limited employment opportunities, high unemployment rates, and little economic development. The majority of administrators surveyed said that lack of transportation and child care made participation difficult. The appendices include fiscal year 1991 tribal JOBS allocation by state, and a list of major contributors to the report. (KS)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indians, Federal Programs, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Unemployment, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first copy free, additional copies $2.00, over 100 discounted 25%).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.