ERIC Number: ED345629
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-20
A Factor-Analytic Investigation of Role Types and Profiles of Higher Education Department Chairs.
Carroll, James B.; Gmelch, Walter H.
This paper reports on a study that investigated the role, attitudes, and behaviors of department chairs in higher education. Specifically, the study investigated four objectives: (1) to examine role factors of effective chair performance; (2) to assess the impact of antecedent variables such as individual characteristics (gender, marital status, ethnicity, motivation to serve, career orientation), organizational characteristics (size of department, clerical assistance, ratio of tenured to untenured faculty), and positional characteristics (number of years of service, discipline, current academic rank, rank when hired) on role factors of effective chair performance; (3) to explore the association of department chair performance role factors with the behavioral outcomes of academic productivity, job satisfaction, role ambiguity, role conflict, and occupational stress; and (4) to identify, or begin to develop, a department chair profile associated with each specific performance role. A total of 539 department chairs were surveyed. Factor analysis suggested the roles of Leader, Scholar, Faculty Developer, and Manager. Findings revealed a complex combination and interaction of skills in the various components of the chair job. Findings also revealed that a number of effective leader chairs are often effective manager chairs as well. The paper concludes that the study provides a usable taxonomy of chair roles and some characteristics of those individuals who perceive themselves to be effective in those roles. Contains 23 references. (GLR)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Evaluation, Administrator Role, Colleges, Department Heads, Higher Education, Job Performance, Job Skills, Leadership Effectiveness, Leadership Qualities, Profiles, Teacher Administrator Relationship
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992). For a related document, see HE 025 525.