ERIC Number: ED345614
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Predicting Student Nurse Academic Failures: An Analysis of Four Baccalaureate Classes.
Wold, Jean E.; Worth, Charles
A study was done of pre-admission or early performance predictors of persistence versus academic failure among baccalaureate program nursing students. As part of a larger longitudinal research project, 155 students from four successive classes of students admitted to the program were studied, using multiple predictor and criterion variables. The study used five standardized tests (including the Eysenck Personality Inventory) and a pre-requisite grade point average as predictor instruments, and four academic performance criteria. The findings indicated that the most significant predictor of persistence versus academic failure in the school of nursing was the seven pre-requisite course grade point average. Other combinations of predictors analyzed by multiple regression failed to produce significant results. In addition, the first semester experience (theory and clinical course grades, and clinical ratings) clearly enhanced the prediction of academic failures. The results suggested two programmatic strategies, the first of which is "early intervention" including tutoring and faculty mentoring for students with academic problems, and the second is "minimizing losses" by over-enrolling nursing programs and considering the first semester as a make-or-break trial. Included are six tables and nine references. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California State Univ. and Colleges, Los Angeles. Office of the Chancellor.
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Chico.