ERIC Number: ED345532
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
What Is FLL Research?
Kramsch, Claire J.
Issues and Developments in English and Applied Linguistics (IDEAL), v3 p75-81 1988
Three areas of research (second language acquisition (SLA), foreign languages (FL), and foreign language learning (FLL) are examined briefly and distinguished, and their relationship is discussed. The definition of FLL is then considered in greater detail. It is proposed that as an area of inquiry, FLL is characterized by specific features of its setting, object of research, method of investigation, and concepts of language and language learning. FLL in classrooms is affected by many variables that affect the propensity of learners to acquire a foreign language and the rate of acquisition. The question posed by FLL research is "How can we better understand the conditions of classroom FL learning and teaching so that we can change and improve these conditions?" suggesting an integrative orientation toward the learner. FLL, it is argued, must take an action-oriented rather than descriptive or quantitative approach. Finally, FLL research's concept of language must consider language in its total expressive and communicative thrust and deal with the global exploration of the development of communicative competence through the various modalities of speech, and its concept of learning is a social construct constrained by the conventions of schooling. A research agenda is proposed and a 22-item bibliography included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For the complete volume, see FL 020 221.