ERIC Number: ED345197
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Notes on Theory and Application with Children.
Sigmon, Scott B.
Cognitive behavioral psychology is a new theoretical orientation. When applied in treatment, it is known as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). CBT, although based primarily on an information processing model, rests firmly on the twin pillars of both behaviorism and cognitive psychology. Today cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy are terms which can almost always be used interchangeably. Theoretically CBT seeks primarily to change cognitions to alter behaviors, and to modify cognitions to affect emotions. A person's faulty cognitions, illogical or dysfunctional thoughts, and irrational beliefs will lead to self-defeating behaviors and unhappiness. To the extent that the cognitive behavioral therapist believes that his or her clients have blindspots, hold blurred perceptions, entertain some self-deceptions, and continually engage in certain behaviors that cause anxiety but which they cannot change on their own, the techniques he or she uses must be effective in dealing with these sorts of problems. In general, CBT is considered to be an information processing psychology because it suggests to a great extent getting people to think differently about themselves and their lives after examining data in newly structured ways; the expectation is that they will then act differently. Time, degree of client psychopathology, and the level of the patient's intelligence are not as problematic for CBT as they are in psychoanalysis. For these reasons CBT is often quite suitable for child psychology related cases. (ABL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A