ERIC Number: ED345172
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-17
Students' Stressors and Reactions to Stress.
Gadzella, Bernadette M.; And Others
All human beings experience stress at some time. Some stressors help us to achieve goals and experience successes in life. Other stressors are detrimental as they inhibit performance and affect health. This study investigated the differences among college students (N=530) who reported their stress levels as mild (N=90), moderate (N=374), or severe (N=66). Differences between men and women as well as among marital status groups (married, single or divorced) were examined. The Student-Life Stress Inventory (Gadzella, 1991), consists of 51 items grouped under 9 sections as stressors (frustrations, conflicts, pressures, changes, and self-imposed) and reactions to stress (physiological, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive). Data showed significant differences among the stress level groups with the severe level group reporting the highest scores. Women were significantly higher than men on two stressors--pressures and self-imposed, and on three reactions to stress--physiological, emotional, and behavioral. Differences were found among the marital status groups on two stressors--frustrations and self-imposed, and two reactions to stress--physiological and cognitive. In each case the divorced subjects reported higher scores. These findings should help students to better understand themselves and to try to adjust to the stressful situations. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (38th, Austin, TX, April 16-18, 1992).