ERIC Number: ED345001
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Unemployed Parents. Initial Efforts To Expand State Assistance. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.
An assessment was made of the initial efforts of the states to implement the Aid to Families with Dependent Children--Unemployed Parent (AFDC-UP) program in accordance with the requirements of the Family Support Act (FSA) of 1988. A mail survey was conducted of each of the 50 state welfare departments. Results indicated that, nationwide, implementation of the UP program was uneven. State UP caseloads were frequently low, although both UP and Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) programs were operating in all 50 states; 13 of 23 states eligible to provide time-limited benefits planned to do so; and of the options available, 22 states planned to require both parents to participate in JOBS training and 3 planned to provide benefits only after the UP participant had participated in JOBS activities. Since the FSA gave states flexibility in designing their JOBS programs, the JOBS program emphasis for UP participants varied widely. Nine states reported a focus on early job search and job placement; 12 planned to emphasize education and occupational training; 27 placed equal emphasis on these approaches; and 2 were using other approaches. Service arrangements among states also varied widely. In response to the FSA's requirement for the eventual development of performance standards for the JOBS program, 40 states already planned to measure the average hourly wage of UP parents placed through JOBS and 37 planned to measure job retention. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Employment Services, Evaluation Criteria, Job Placement, Job Search Methods, Job Training, Parents, Performance, Program Design, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, State Programs, Unemployment, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; Family Support Act 1988