ERIC Number: ED344781
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar-24
Preservice Elementary and Secondary Science Methods Teachers: Comparison of Formal Reasoning, ACT Science, Process Skill, and Physical Science Misconceptions Scores.
Bitner, Betty L.
The purpose of this causal-comparative study was to compare reasoning level, American College Test (ACT) science, process skills, and physical science misconceptions of preservice elementary and secondary science teachers and to investigate gender differences. The stratified randomly drawn sample (n=68) consisted of preservice elementary and secondary science methods teachers. During the first two weeks of classes, the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT), the Integrated Process Skills Test II (TIPS II), and the Physical Science Test (PST) were administered. Seventy-six percent of the sample (85% of secondary and 68% of elementary) were formal reasoners. Fifty percent or more of the preservice elementary teachers correctly answered all items on TIPS II except one. Sixty-five percent or more of the preservice secondary teachers had correct responses to the TIPS items. Misconceptions in electromagnetic phenomena/electricity/light, motion, and mass were found most often. Significant two-way ANOVAs (p<.01) were found on the ACT Science in favor of the secondary teachers and on the PST in favor of males and secondary teachers. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (Boston, MA, March 23-24, 1992).