ERIC Number: ED344780
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Science & Engineering Indicators - 1991. Tenth Edition.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. National Science Board.
This report is designed to provide public and private policymakers with a broad base of quantitative information about United States science and engineering research and education and about United States technology in a global context. This document begins with a synopsis of United States science and technology. Chapter 1, "Precollege Science and Mathematics Education," discusses student's achievement, interest, and coursework, school and curriculum, teachers and teaching, and the policy context. Chapter 2, "Higher Education in Science and Engineering (S&E)," discusses the characteristics of higher education institutions, the undergraduate and graduate S&E student populations, major sources of financial support, and international science and engineering education. Chapter 3,"Science and Engineering Workforce," describes industrial S&E job patterns, demographic trends of recent S&E graduates and doctorate recipients, the supply and demand outlook for S&E personnel, and international employment of scientists and engineers. Chapter 4, "Financial Resources for Research and Development (R&D)," discusses national R&D spending patterns, federal support for R&D, state-based R&D expenditures, and international comparisons. Chapter 5, "Academic Research and Development: Financial Resources, Personnel, and Outputs," describes the financial resources for academic R&D, the doctoral scientists and engineers active in academic R&D, and outputs of academic R&D for scientific publications and patents. Chapter 6, "Technology and Global Competitiveness," describes the global markets for U.S. technology, industrial R&D, patented inventions, diffusion of technology in the industrial sector, small business and high technology, and technologies for future competitiveness. Chapter 7, "Attitudes Toward Science and Technology (S&T): The United States and International Comparisons," includes discussions on U.S. public attitudes toward S&T and international comparisons of attitudes toward S&T. Almost two-thirds of the document is composed of four appendixes which contain data tables, a list of contributions and reviewers, abbreviations, and an index. (KR)
Descriptors: Employment Opportunities, Engineering Education, Faculty Publishing, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Higher Education, International Communication, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Teachers, Overseas Employment, Patents, Public Opinion, Research, Research and Development, Science Achievement, Science Curriculum, Science Education, Science Teachers, Secondary Education, State Aid, Student Characteristics, Technology
Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 038-000-00587-1).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. National Science Board.
Note: For the 1987 and 1989 indicators, see ED 294 746 and ED 316 444.