ERIC Number: ED344349
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov-22
Educational Progress Profiles of Cochlear Implant Children.
Dawson, Sarah A.
This study examined the educational development of 22 children (ages 2 to 10), under the supervision of the Cochlear Implant Team of the Medical College of Virginia, who had received implants as a result of deafness (in most cases prelingual and congenital) from 6 months to 3 years prior to the study. Data included a review of the children's case files, classroom and clinical observations, and surveys of parents and teachers. Major findings included: primarily oral communication was used by two-thirds of the children post implant (compared to one-third prior to implant); none of the children had a vocabulary comparable to that of peers before the implant but 26 percent did when evaluated after the implant; following the implant, two-thirds were performing on level with peers in mathematics, with one-third on level in reading and related areas; all teachers reported that their expectations of the implant were met or exceeded; observed progress of skills was beyond that of normal developmental progression; and both parents' and teachers' responses indicated overall successful adjustment and satisfaction with the device. A questionnaire is attached which is intended to aid in providing follow-up data on the progress of children receiving implants. (DB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cochlear Implants, Communication Aids (for Disabled), Communication Skills, Congenital Impairments, Deafness, Early Childhood Education, Hearing Aids, Hearing Impairments, Intermediate Grades, Intervention, Language Acquisition, Mathematics Achievement, Oral Communication Method, Outcomes of Treatment, Parent Attitudes, Reading Achievement, Surgery, Teacher Attitudes, Vocabulary, Young Children
Publication Type: Tests/Questionnaires; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (Atlanta, GA, November 22-25, 1991).