ERIC Number: ED344346
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
School Choice Legislation: A Survey of the States. CPRE Occasional Paper.
State legislatures have become increasingly willing to experiment with school choice. Since 1985, more than half the states have passed school choice laws. This article reports on a survey conducted in the summer of 1991 and updated in the fall of that year that focuses on state choice statutes. Six categories of school choice laws are discussed: (1) interdistrict transfer laws; (2) intradistrict transfer laws; (3) postsecondary enrollment option laws; (4) residential and special high schools for academically talented students; (5) educational clinics for high school dropouts; and (6) laws allowing private schools or special contractors to provide education to general school populations. A sidebar lists the states with programs in each category. Restrictions contained in the language of the laws reflect the pressures that legislatures are under when considering any school choice legislation: fiscal constraints; the desires of educational constituencies; and existing laws and court decisions that are the product of a national commitment to racially integrated schools. However, the school choice movement has been aided by the fact that state governments now pay a large share of the cost of public education, with many states providing for state aid to follow the student from the sending district to the receiving district. A second development that has aided the school choice movement is a growing consensus among state lawmakers that school choice can be an effective strategy for improving schools. (11 references) (MLF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Consortium for Policy Research in Education, New Brunswick, NJ.