ERIC Number: ED344312
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
What Do Beginning Leaders Need? Aspiring and Practicing Principals' Perceptions of Critical Skills for Novice Administrators.
Daresh, John C.; Playko, Marsha A.
Findings of a study that examined the needs of beginning school principals are presented in this paper, with a focus on the differences in perceptions of aspiring and experienced principals. A questionnaire was mailed to 420 aspiring school principals in 5 universities in 3 states and to 100 practicing elementary, middle, and secondary principals in 5 states, in which respondents assessed the critical skills needed by beginning and aspiring principals. Findings indicate that discrepancies existed between experienced and aspiring principals with regard to the kinds of skills that they assumed to be important for effective job performance. Specifically, aspiring administrators placed a much higher value on the demonstration of technical managerial skills, while practicing administrators valued socialization skills. Because the ability to demonstrate a personal vision of leadership was identified as one of the most critical skills, universities should include more opportunities for reflective activities and promote different types of field-based learning and mentoring to challenge preparation programs' focus on technical knowledge. Suggestions are offered for improving the nature of professional development at the preservice, induction, and inservice education levels. Two tables are included. Appendices include the survey instrument and list of survey items. (19 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992). Print in Appendix I may not reproduce adequately in paper copy.