ERIC Number: ED344149
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-May
A Review of the Effectiveness of Long-Term versus Short-Term Therapy in the Treatment of Depression.
Roat, Lenora L.
This document reviews outcome studies on the long- and short-term treatment of depression and critiques the methodologies used in these studies. Twenty-four studies comparing length of treatment and outcome of psychotherapy are included in the review. The majority of the studies reviewed involved individual adult outpatients as subjects. The terms "psychotherapy,""therapy," and "treatment" are used interchangeably; no distinction has been made between different types of long-term or short-term therapy. Because various researchers have defined short-term therapy as lasting anywhere from two sessions to less than 6 months and long-term therapy as anywhere from nine sessions to 24 months, there was considerable overlap of time where therapy could have been considered either long- or short-term depending on the particular researcher; consequently, the definitions of short- and long-term treatment used in this review correspond to what each individual investigator considered to be short- or long-term. The studies reviewed suggest that both long- and short-term therapies are effective in the treatment of depression and that there are many other factors which influence the outcome of psychotherapy. The review concludes that, since a history of depression, biological factors, the presence of few or many treatment issues, overall level of psychological health, and severity of the present symptom all contribute to the success of therapy, these factors need to be considered in referring patients for appropriate treatment. (NB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral research paper, Biola University.