ERIC Number: ED344134
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Individualism, Social Commitment, and Gender: Interactional Effects in Counseling Practice.
Shilo, Amy Muchnick; Kelly, Eugene W., Jr.
Individualism and social connectedness served as the general context of this study. The focus was on the interpersonal realm and the effects of individualism on process and outcome in counseling and therapy. Specifically, this research explored the relationship in counseling of individualism, which credible evidence suggests is the predominant therapeutic attitude, to social commitment, which includes the explicit exploration and consideration of the social responsibilities and relational obligations of the individual. Subjects (N=113) for this study were drawn from the faculty and staff of a large suburban high school in metropolitan Wahsington, D.C. The subject sample included 69 females and 44 males. Three different data-collecting instruments were used: a demographic data sheet, the Individualism-Collectivism Scale, and a counseling approach-preference measurement instrument developed by the researchers for the purposes of this study. Vignettes were presented of counseling problems, and two approaches were provided for solutions operationalizing the constructs of individualism and social commitment. Results indicated a preference for a socially committed approach to counseling. This result, in conjunction with Kelly and Shilo's (1991) previous finding that client-subjects did not differentially rate the effectiveness of counselors offering individualistically and socially committed approaches to counseling, reinforces the suggestion that a socially committed approach to counseling is as acceptable as an individualistic approach. Results of this study indicated no significant difference between men and women regarding personal orientation or preference. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A