ERIC Number: ED344115
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug-16
Enhancing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy's Effectiveness with Men.
Broder, Michael S.
Until recently, most of the emphasis on the understanding of sex roles has focused on how sexist attitudes and sex role stereotypes affect women. Often times men are the objects of stereotypical thinking, which results in certain assumptions about masculinity that can prove to be self-defeating and destructive to relationships on all levels. Male sex role stereotypes affect therapeutic issues in numerous ways. Irrational beliefs may lead to sexual dysfunction. A combination of questioning and challenging of irrational beliefs, information giving, and consciousness raising will help male clients free themselves from performance anxiety and the resulting sexual dysfunctions. Irrational beliefs connected with relationship issues for males typically include feeling solely responsible for the financial support and happiness of the family; never feeling weak, vulnerable, or afraid; and worrying that showing affection toward another man is homosexual, or showing affection toward one's daughter is incestuous. Irrational beliefs men typically have about work situations revolve around need for achievement. Self-worth is often defined by work. Rather than talking about and owning up to difficult feelings, male clients often act them out. In order to help clients overcome male sex role stereotypes, consciousness raising and using different language can be effective. Therapists should also be aware of, and try to correct their own issues with sex role stereotypes. (LLL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (99th, San Francisco, CA, August 16-20, 1991).