ERIC Number: ED343957
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Mar-15
Research Methodologies Used in Women's Gender-Equity Studies.
Irwin, Claire C.
In the last 10 years, women's gender-equity reports have increased in number. Some theorists perceive quantitative procedures as "masculine" and qualitative procedures as "feminine." To refute this dichotomy, over 200 equity research reports produced between 1981 and 1991 were examined in a mini-meta analysis to identify the span, depth, and rigor of the various techniques and methodologies used. Findings reveal a wide variety of techniques blending quantitative and qualitative approaches. Sophisticated empirical studies were in the minority. Evidence of quantification ranged from standard survey techniques to regression and factor-analytic models. Statistical inference using some common and uncommon statistical tools occurred, but not with regularity. Qualitative procedures included: (1) participatory research; (2) oral history; (3) personal life histories; (4) inventories; (5) attitude scales; (6) photostory analysis; (7) content analysis of structured or semistructured data; (8) semantic differential analysis; and (9) other quasi-objective methods. Gender-equity studies have borrowed or modified methods from many disciplines, but methodologically new techniques uniquely suited to women's studies are needed. "Portraiture," as pioneered by S. Lightfoot, is a new method that could be adapted to support gender-equity investigations. A 43-item list of references and an appendix about the number of women earning doctoral degrees are included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A