ERIC Number: ED343773
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
American Indian and Alaska Native Adult Education and Vocational Training Programs: Historical Beginnings, Present Conditions and Future Directions.
The success of Native adult education and vocational training programs is linked to the economic health of Native communities. Reports since 1923 document the failure of Federal Government programs in producing educated Native adults and the inadequacy of adult education delivery systems. An array of federal legislation has attempted to increase educational and vocational opportunities for Native adults. The Adult Education Act and the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act provide funds to the states to operate adult educational and vocational training programs. Direct funding is provided to Native communities for program development by the Indian Education Act, the Indian and Hawaiian Natives Vocational Education Program, the Joint Training Partnership Act, the Family Support Act, and several Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) programs. However, both the BIA and the Department of Education appear caught between serving the needs of Native communities and giving way to federal demands to reduce expenditures. In addition, neither agency has been able to resolve issues of sovereignty and self-determination with the tribal governments that they serve. Recommendations include the development of a national database on Native demographic data, changing the Indian Priority System to ensure consultation with Native governments, the development of model Native adult education programs, funding and technical assistance for tribal education departments, requiring the BIA to comply with federal law on funding of Native vocational education, and reworking the Indian Education Act grant formula. This paper contains 20 references. (SV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Indian Nations At Risk Task Force.
Authoring Institution: N/A