ERIC Number: ED343745
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Rural Economic Development: Strategies for the 1990s.
Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Agriculture and Rural Economy Div.
The 1980s found the U.S. economy vulnerable in the global marketplace. Many observers have argued that workforce education and skill levels are too low, particularly in rural areas. In this book, four studies examine the education crisis, the relationship between the education shortfall and rural economic stagnation, the importance of local workforce education levels for local area growth, and options for upgrading the skills of the rural workforce. The studies are: (1) "Skill Demand and Supply in the New Economy: Issues for Rural Areas" (R. A. Teixeira, P. L. Swain); (2) "The Education Crisis and Rural Stagnation in the 1980's" (D. A. McGranahan, L. M. Ghelfi); (3) "Education and Local Employment Growth in a Changing Economy" (M. S. Killian, T. S. Parker); and (4) "Education and Training Policy: Skill Upgrading Options for the Rural Workforce" (P. L. Swain, R. A. Teixeira). Results suggest that education's potential as a local rural development strategy is probably limited. Rural areas were hampered more by their small size and remoteness in the 1980s than by a lack of qualified workers. Moreover, low workforce education levels in rural areas were related to out-migration of better educated workers. Employment growth in rural areas with relatively highly educated populations was generally no greater than in other rural areas, and local dropout rates were completely unrelated to economic growth. Although the link between local education and local economic growth appears weak, it is critical to improve the education and training of rural youth, wherever they work in order to maintain the international competitiveness of the United States. The findings support the notion of shifting the responsibility for educational funding from localities to broader units of government. Papers include references, tables, definitions, and discussions of methodology. (SV)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Labor Force Development, Labor Market, Postsecondary Education, Rural Development, Rural Education, Rural Youth, Vocational Education
ERS-NASS, P.O. Box 1608, Rockville, MD 20849-1608 ($14.00).
Publication Type: Collected Works - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Agriculture and Rural Economy Div.