ERIC Number: ED343711
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Primary Education: The Excluded. Statistical Issues.
Gajraj, Suren; Schoemann, Klaus
Worldwide enrollment in primary education has grown from 332 million in 1960 to 593 million in 1988. Despite this increase, a sizable proportion of primary school-age children in developing countries are not enrolled in school. In Sub-Saharan Africa, 56 million students are enrolled in primary education, but 38 million (49%) of the region's primary-school age children are not. Other figures for primary-age children are: 48 million enrolled and 8 million (18%) not enrolled in Latin America and the Caribbean; 22 million enrolled and 4 million (19%) not enrolled in Eastern Asia and Oceania; 115 million enrolled and 52 million (39%) not enrolled in Southern Asia; and 23 million enrolled and 9 million (30%) not enrolled in the Arab States. Primary school enrollments in developing regions include large proportions of children who began school late or repeated grades, and hence are older than the official primary school age. Considerable efforts to provide universal primary education need to be made to maintain or reduce the number of out-of-school children by the year 2000, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab States, and Southern Asia. Failure to eradicate illiteracy could have an important impact on demographic and socioeconomic trends. This report includes tables and graphs showing numbers of children enrolled in primary education and out of school in 1988 by region and by country. Also shown are enrollment projections for the year 2000 that are based on stable conditions and 5% and 10% reductions in the proportion of out-of-school children. (AC)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Statistics on Education.