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ERIC Number: ED343413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Principles of Communicative Task Design.
Nunan, David
The use of the learning task as a basic planning and instructional tool for communicative second language instruction is discussed, and considerations and procedures for designing such tasks are outlined. A task is defined as a piece of classroom work that involves learners in comprehending, manipulating, producing, or interacting in the target language while their attention is focused principally on meaning rather than form. A communicative task drawn from commercial textbooks is used to illustrate component parts. The role of tasks in communicative language teaching is examined, and the steps in an integrated approach to curriculum development are outlined. Two rationales for classroom tasks, real-world and pedagogic, are differentiated and their differential focuses are noted. Finally, a list of questions is offered as a guide to evaluating communicative second language tasks in terms of their goals; the linguistic or other input data on which they are based; the activities derived from the input; the roles and settings implied by different tasks for teachers and learners; considerations for implementation, grading, and integration into the curriculum; and assessment of learner performance. A brief list of references is appended. (MSE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In: Materials for Language Learning and Teaching. Anthology Series 22; see FL 020 138.