ERIC Number: ED343351
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-14
Higher Order Thinking Skills for Students with Special Needs.
Lombardi, Thomas P.; Savage, Luise
This paper presents a rationale for teaching higher level thinking skills to students with special needs, including those with mild mental handicaps and learning disabilities. It briefly reviews the literature on teaching such skills, stressing that thinking skills can be taught through specific teaching methods such as a four-step method (introduce the skill, explain the skill, demonstrate the skill, apply the skill) and careful questioning. Incorporation of higher level thinking skills into life skills is stressed, and teaching students use of the I PLAN five-step motivational and learning strategy is urged. Evidence of the I PLAN model strategy's effectiveness in increasing student input to Individualized Education Programs is offered. (12 references) (DB)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Daily Living Skills, Elementary Secondary Education, Integrated Activities, Learning Disabilities, Learning Strategies, Logical Thinking, Mild Disabilities, Mild Mental Retardation, Problem Solving, Skill Development, Special Needs Students, Student Motivation, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Council for Exceptional Children (70th, Baltimore, MD, April 13-17, 1992).