ERIC Number: ED343330
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
The Relationship of Grouping Practices to the Education of the Gifted and Talented Learner. Executive Summary. Research-Based Decision Making Series.
Rogers, Karen B.
This executive summary reports on a study which utilized meta-analysis and best-evidence synthesis techniques to evaluate 13 research studies on the academic, social, and psychological effects upon learners who are gifted and talented of three grouping practices: (1) ability grouping for enrichment; (2) mixed ability cooperative grouping for regular instruction; and (3) grouping for acceleration. It was concluded that the research showed strong, consistent support for the academic effects of most forms of ability grouping for enrichment and acceleration, but that the research is scant and weak concerning the socialization and psychological adjustment effects of these practices. Claims for the academic superiority of mixed ability grouping or for whole group instructional practices were not substantiated for gifted and talented learners. Guidelines are offered suggesting that: students who are gifted and talented should spend most of their school day with others of similar abilities and interests; cluster grouping of gifted students within an otherwise heterogeneously grouped classroom can be considered when a full time gifted program is not feasible; a cross-grade grouping option could be offered in the absence of a full time gifted program enrollment; gifted and talented students should be offered a variety of acceleration and enrichment based options; and mixed ability cooperative learning should be used sparingly for students who are gifted and talented. (15 references) (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Academic Achievement, Academically Gifted, Acceleration (Education), Cooperative Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrichment, Gifted, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Heterogeneous Grouping, Instructional Effectiveness, Meta Analysis, Talent
Dissemination Coordinator, The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, The University of Connecticut, 362 Fairfield Road, U-7, Storrs, CT 06269-2007 ($2.00, order no. 9102).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Administrators
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, Storrs, CT.
Note: For the complete report, see EC 301 013.