ERIC Number: ED343329
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
The Relationship of Grouping Practices to the Education of the Gifted and Talented Learner: Research-Based Decision Making Series.
Rogers, Karen B.
Thirteen research syntheses were analyzed to determine the academic, social, and psychological effects upon learners who are gifted and talented of three grouping practices: (1) ability grouping for enrichment; (2) mixed ability cooperative grouping for regular instruction; and (3) grouping for acceleration. It was concluded that the research showed strong, consistent support for the academic effects of most forms of ability grouping for enrichment and acceleration, but that the research is scant and weak concerning the socialization and psychological adjustment effects of these practices. Claims for the academic superiority of mixed ability grouping or for whole group instructional practices were not substantiated for gifted and talented learners. Other conclusions indicated that: academic outcomes of ability grouping vary substantially from effects reported for average and low ability learners; full time, pullout, and within-class grouping can all produce substantial academic gains; and there is little impact on self-esteem and a moderate gain in attitude toward subject in full time ability grouping. A series of guidelines for practices is included. Appendices chart the meta-evaluation of the research syntheses and the research-supported conclusions concerning grouping issues. (45 references) (DB)
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Academic Achievement, Academically Gifted, Acceleration (Education), Cooperative Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrichment, Gifted, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Heterogeneous Grouping, Instructional Effectiveness, Meta Analysis, Self Esteem, Social Development, Talent
Dissemination Coordinator, The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, The University of Connecticut, 362 Fairfield Road, U-7, Storrs, CT 06269-2007 ($12.00, includes executive summary, order no. 9101).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Administrators
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, Storrs, CT.
Note: For an executive summary, see EC 301 014.