ERIC Number: ED343265
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Problem-Based Learning in Medical and Managerial Education.
Bridges, Edwin M.; Hallinger, Philip
A proposal that calls for increasing the relevance of administrator preparation by applying a problem-based learning approach is offered in this paper. A review of literature on problem-based learning (PBL) in medical education concludes that, compared with traditional programs, PBL yields superior or equivalent results on a variety of outcome measures. Eight design issues for PBL programs are identified next: incorporation of PBL into the curriculum; selection and definition of problems; identification of goals for educational administrators; components of small learning groups; the extent of program pre-structuring; evaluation; student orientation; and faculty preparation. A research agenda is proposed to determine the effectiveness of the various species of PBL in achieving the different goals of managerial education. Criteria for measuring independent and dependent variables are also suggested. Encouragement is offered to educators to tackle the challenges inherent in moving from a traditional to PBL approach. (28 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Cognition and School Leadership Conference of the National Center for Educational Leadership and the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (Nashville, TN, September 26-27, 1991).