ERIC Number: ED343231
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Aug-12
Reference Count: N/A
Merit Grants to Schools Based on Performance: The America 2000 Proposal. CRS Report for Congress.
Riddle, Wayne Clifton
As part of its "America 2000" strategy for education reform, the Bush Administration has proposed the authorization of "merit schools" grants to elementary and secondary schools based on their performance. Questions associated with the merit school concept include the treatment of private schools, consideration of schools' pupil population or resources, authorized uses of funds, criteria for measuring school performance, and the role of the governor. Evidence to either substantiate or refute the assumption that financial incentives will have desirable effects is severely limited. There are several state programs that authorize performance-based awards to schools, with few restrictions on the use of funds. Alternative merit school models that might be considered include tying merit grants to performance specifically under existing federal programs, such as the Chapter 1 program for disadvantaged children, providing merit grants to states meeting certain goals, or providing nonfinancial awards--such as regulatory waivers--to especially successful schools. (22 footnotes) (Author/MLF)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.