ERIC Number: ED343046
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Examining Some Crucial Variables in Counselor Interpersonal Power Base Preference.
Guinee, James P.; Tracey, Terence J.
According to Strong and Matross (1973), a counselor's main sources of influencing the client's behavior are expert, referent, and legitimate power bases. To date, the only studies examining the differential preference of counselors for interpersonal power bases have focused on preference as a function of counselor gender, counselor level of experience, and client problem. However, the literature is equivocal with respect to these results, and it is stated that the design and methodology of these studies has been relatively poor. This study re-examined differential counselor preference of power bases as a function of gender, experience, and client problem, with a different methodology. A questionnaire using client scenarios and multiple indicators of power base preference was developed for this study. Responses from 40 students (11 males, 29 females; 31 White, 4 African-American, 1 Mexican American, 1 Asian American, and 3 foreign born) in a counseling psychology program to the questionnaire were examined. Results of the study indicated that counselors did not vary in their endorsement of the different power bases as a function of gender or level of experience; however, there was support for differential usage of the power bases depending upon the specific client being used as a stimulus. Regardless of how experience level is defined, there was no relation with power base endorsement. (LLL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (99th, San Francisco, CA, August 16-20, 1991).