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ERIC Number: ED343044
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Conflicts and Adaptation: A Discussion of Individualism-Oriented Therapeutic Counseling and Its Implications for Chinese College Counselors.
Yue, Xiaodong
Therapeutic counseling, for either clinical or developmental purposes, has been traditionally influenced by the socio-cultural values in Western society. Central to these values, it can be argued, is liberal individualism that attempts to bring to people an increased sense of self-control and self-determination. As a result, many of the therapeutic approaches popular in the West are firmly grounded in such a premise. For Chinese people, however, whose cultural values are predominantly sociocentric and collectivistic in nature, it is inappropriate to simply implement these kinds of therapeutic approaches. Three conflicts were identified in a recent study about the role of college counselors as expected by Chinese college students: authoritarian/non-authoritarian role of counselor; judgmentalism/non-judgmentalism; and passivity/activity. It is pivotal that a counseling model takes into account Chinese cultural values regarding norms for appropriate social interactions. Chinese college counselors should take on these roles in talking with students: (1) be heuristic--more active and confrontive in identifying the problems for the client; (2) be active--more dynamic and innovative in talking with the client; (3) be discrete--more task-oriented in therapy and specify goals for the client as clearly as possible; and (4) be direct--more open and candid in attitudes toward the client. (LLL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China