ERIC Number: ED342915
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
How Ernakulam Became the First Fully Literate District of India = Comment l'Ernakulam devint le premier District entierement alphabete de l'Inde. Notes, Comments...No. 195.
"Lead Kindly Light" was an extensive campaign for the total eradication of illiteracy within 1 year in the Ernakulam District of India. A major sponsor was Kerala Sastra Sahithya Parishad (KSSP), the Science and Education Center of Kerala; responsibility for the project was later handed over to the National Literacy Mission (NLM). The project had three facets: a government network headed by the NLM district collector; a project office network consisting of the project officers and other full-time personnel; and people's network with KSSP as its backbone. Significant elements of the methodology adopted in the Ernakulam District Total Literacy Program (EDTLP) were as follows: a massive approach; saturation environment building; transformation of literacy work from employment opportunity to patriotic duty; meticulous spatial and temporal planning; integration of people's enthusiasm with administrative machinery and a professional project implementation machinery; and "delinking" from governmental bureaucracy. The most important feature of EDTLP was its very effective propaganda campaign, which used Science-Art Processions, slide shows, posters, radio and television programs, badges, and stickers. Other features were offices open 24 hours per day, extensive instructor training, and post-literacy follow-up. (A list of organizational project participants is included. A French version of the report is provided.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Multilingual/Bilingual Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Children's Fund, Paris (France).; United Nations, New York, NY. World Food Programme.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers - Location: India