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ERIC Number: ED342593
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Group Development Through Experiential Education: Promises and Delivery.
Ewert, Alan
This paper describes the findings of a study on group development using experiential education. Jones and Bearley describe group development as occurring in four phases. Each phase has a task and process dimension to it, where task refers to how the group gets the job done, and process refers to how the group members deal with one another along the way. The task behaviors corresponding to the four stages are orientation, organization, open data flow, and problem solving. The process behaviors associated with the four stages are dependency, conflict, cohesion, and interdependence. The study population consisted of participants in Pacific Crest Outward Bound courses during the summer of 1988. The study instrument was a 40-item Likert-type questionnaire based on the task and process behaviors. Increases over time were noted in the task behaviors of problem-solving and open data flow and in the process behaviors of cohesion and interdependence. Female participants reported significantly higher levels of dependency on the group leader than their male counterparts. Groups that named themselves were significantly more interdependent. Whitewater courses were more effective than land-based courses in generating higher levels of cohesion, problem-solving ability, and interdependence. Long courses were not more effective in group development than short courses. Results suggest that experiential programs such as Outward Bound can be effective in promoting group development. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A