ERIC Number: ED342586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
A Descriptive Analysis of the Experience Based Training and Development Field.
This article describes and analyzes the field of experience-based training and development (EBTD) in an attempt to determine its scope, goals, activities, participants, providers, and philosophical bases. EBTD is a process that uses hands-on challenge or adventure, usually in the outdoors, combined with review and feedback, to improve work place performance. EBTD annually impacts between 100,000 and 200,000 employees from a wide variety of occupations and organizations. As an industry, it generates between $100 and $200 million in annual sales. While portrayed as highly adventurous in the popular media, EBTD, in reality, largely consists of initiative games, ropes courses, and processing. Wagner, Baldwin, and Roland have distinguished between two types of EBTD, the more common"outdoor-centered" training and "wilderness" training in which people sleep and live in remote areas. Team building is the primary purpose for which EBTD is used. Other major uses include leadership development and personal growth. The participants of EBTD are managers, executives, and cross-level, intact work groups. Organizations that use EBTD include corporations, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations. EBTD is offered by over 100 companies, although the majority of these companies do not exclusively do EBTD. Facilitators are seen as the most crucial variable to successful programs. In examining philosophical bases for EBTD, little common ground was found. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of the International Conference and Workshop Summaries Book of the International Association for Experiential Education (19th, Lake Junaluska, NC, October 24-27, 1991); see RC 018 571.