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ERIC Number: ED342556
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Mar-18
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Disability Rights and Independent Living Movements.
Hirsch, Karen
This paper describes the Disability Rights and Independent Living movements, and advocates for increased awareness and leadership. The Independent Living Movement started at the University of California in the 1960s when a group of severely disabled students organized a place where they could live independently. Despite their education and competence, these disabled people could not find employment in their fields. With financial assistance from Rehabilitation Services, they started the first Center for Independent Living, where they planned to give disabled people a chance to gain work experiences and become more competitive in the job market. The goals of the Independent Living and Disability Rights Movements include: (1) integration into all aspects of society; (2) equal opportunities; (3) freedom of choice regarding where to live and where to work; and (4) self-determination and control over one's life and affairs. The Independent Living (IL) Movement emphasizes advocacy and social activism, but IL programs have overlooked rural areas. Many disabled students in rural areas face limited options and are often forced to enter nursing homes. Leadership and IL programs are needed in rural areas. Information about the Independent Living and Disability Rights movements can be incorporated into the curriculum so that special education students can learn to become self-advocates and develop their potential leadership abilities. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990