ERIC Number: ED342500
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Solving California's Child Care Crisis: Research Addressing Regulations and Funding. California Policy Seminar Research Report.
Howes, Carollee; Whitebook, Marcy
In 1991, a study was conducted to determine the extent to which the stringency of state regulations ensures high quality in child care settings and the extent to which California's child care staffing crisis can be addressed through regulatory changes. To compare child care quality under different licensing standards, the study examined findings from the Child Care Employee Project in California and the National Child Care Staffing Study (NCCSS), and data collected in two longitudinal studies of California children in community-based child care. Child care quality was defined in terms of adult-child ratios, teacher training, teacher behaviors, and activities provided for children. Quality was measured by means of the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale and the Arnett scale of teacher sensitivity. It was found that when child care centers met the stringent Title 5 adult-child ratios, children were more likely to be in classrooms judged to be more than adequate in quality. Teachers were most effective in these classrooms. Results also showed that California child care teachers, like their national counterparts, were poorly paid, received few benefits, worked under difficult conditions, and were likely to leave their jobs after a brief tenure. In the NCCSS sample, teachers meeting California's standards regarding educational background were more effective and provided higher quality care than did teachers who did not meet the standards. Findings suggest that lowering teacher qualifications to solve the staffing shortage would seriously compromise the quality of child care in California, and that the staffing crisis could be eased by salary enhancements and support for training. (AC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. California Policy Seminar.
Identifiers - Location: California