ERIC Number: ED342486
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Barriers to Same Race Placement. Research Brief #2.
Gilles, Tom; Kroll, Joe
The North American Council on Adoptable Children surveyed 64 private and 23 public child placement agencies in 25 states in the fall of 1990. Of the agencies that responded, 83 percent were aware of barriers preventing families of color from adopting. Frequently cited barriers were: (1) institutional racism; (2) lack of people of color in managerial positions; (3) adoption fees; (4) the tendency of communities of color to see adoption as an informal activity; (5) negative perceptions of agencies; (6) lack of minority staff; (7) inflexible adoption standards; and (8) lack of recruitment activity. Results indicated that 78 percent of black children and 38 percent of Hispanic children were placed in same-race homes. Agencies specializing in the placement of minority children had higher percentages of same-race placements than did traditional private agencies. Additional factors discussed include the dichotomy in the adoption of healthy infants and unhealthy or older children, the role of independent adoption, and the effects of litigation. In implementing their programs, agencies committed to same-race placement should consider the following factors: (1) ongoing recruitment of minority families; (2) retention of minority families in their programs; (3) an informative home study process; (4) the use of reasonable fees; and (5) state financial assistance. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North American Council on Adoptable Children, Washington, DC.