ERIC Number: ED342382
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Television in the Classroom: What Does the Research Say?
Scope, v6 n3 Nov 1991
Television is widely used in Ontario (Canada) public schools and is appreciated for making teaching more effective. Yet studies on the effectiveness of television as a learning tool outside of the classroom are ambivalent: many have claimed television to have a negative effect on learning, while others show neutral or moderately positive effects. Much of the uncertainty may have to do with the complexity of decoding information from television--which is a more challenging process, requiring more background information--than many people think. There is evidence that decoding can be controlled in the classroom. In television-based systems, the teacher has control over the method of presentation and is able to incorporate the programs and print material. These systems are effective as teaching aids, not as a replacement to teaching. Furthermore, they cannot just be "turned on," but require preparation by the teacher, and incorporation into on-going classroom lessons. There must be a close "fit" between the television component, the school curriculum, and the student. Despite widespread use, there are some limitations in accessing the programs and print material, and in teacher training. But when properly employed, television can be effective as a motivator for students; as an introduction to classroom topics; and as an aid that can increase classroom-based learning. (25 references) (DB)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Toronto Board of Education (Ontario). Research Dept.