ERIC Number: ED342371
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Research into Student Learning in Distance Education.
This report reviews the work which has been carried out under the label of "research in student learning," in order to examine the significance of the findings for distance education, and to discuss some of the methodological issues raised in carrying out this research. The discussion also provides insights into conducting this type of research in distance education. It is concluded that research findings have revealed five elements for understanding student learning. The first, students' orientation to learning, is described as the collection of attitudes, aims, and purposes that express a student's relationship to a course and the particular educational institution. Orientation is concerned with a student's vocational, academic, personal, or social approach to education. The second element for understanding student learning concerns students' development as learners. This is described as a process in which students progress from memorizing facts to considering the abstraction of meaning, and the strategies students use in order to learn. The third element consists of the students' approaches to study, specifically, their distinction between a deep and surface approach to new material. The fourth element is the area of learning outcomes, or, what students actually learn from a course of study. The last element is the area of students' experiences of course design and assessment. Course design and assessment are noted as key areas where distance educators and educational technologists are able to influence the ways in which students approach their studies. (27 references) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Deakin Univ., Victoria (Australia).; University of South Australia, Underdale.