ERIC Number: ED342357
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning. Technical Report.
Brown, John Seely; And Others
This paper explores the relationship between the concept of cognitive apprenticeship and situated cognition and the social construction of knowledge. Cognitive apprenticeship is the enculturation of students into authentic practices through authentic activity and social interaction in a way similar to that which is evident--and evidently successful--in craft apprenticeship. Knowledge is not independent, but is fundamentally "situated," being in part a product of the activity, context, and culture in which it is developed. A theory of situated learning calls for learning and teaching methods which take this into account, in contrast to traditional methods which overlook the central, but restrictive, contribution made by the activities, context, and culture of schools to what is learned there. Two examples of mathematics teaching that exhibit important features of this approach are examined. (4 figures, 42 references) (EW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Xerox Corp., Palo Alto, CA. Palo Alto Research Center.; BBN Labs, Inc., Cambridge, MA.