ERIC Number: ED342235
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Choix linguistiques, changements et alternances de langue: Les comportements multilingues des italophones de Montreal (Linguistic Choices, Changes, and Code Switching: The Linguistics Behaviors of Italophones of Montreal).
A study of 15 fathers and their 16 sons in an italophone community in Montreal (Canada) focused on the usage of Italian, French, and English in communication between generations and in a variety of activities. Data were drawn from 45 hours of taped conversation in home and work settings, which included 4,848 instances of language contact. Of the 15,422 speaking turns taken, 50% were in Italian, 30% in French, and 20% in English. An analysis examined the language choices, language maintenance or switching at the beginning of a turn, language switching within a turn, insertion of words borrowed from another language, and insertion of proper names borrowed from another language in this population in relation to a number of individual characteristics (including generation, language competence, language of schooling, professional occupation, and ethnolinguistic family composition) and situational variables. In general, results indicate that the three languages play an important role in the italophone community. However, they are not found to be interchangeable. Italian and English were found to be used concurrently, with English gaining ground over Italian as the medium of intragroup exchange. French is more likely to be used in interactions with francophones. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Center for Research on Language Planning, Quebec (Quebec).
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Canada (Montreal)